A Life Well Lived: Mrs. Ella (D.S.) Welsh

by Jane Jones, HCHM Archivist

Our guest blogger,  HCHM Archivist Jane Jones,  has written two previous posts related to the civic activities of Mrs. Ella (D.S.) Welsh.  In this last post in the series, she explores Welsh’s personal life. A recent ceremony named Pam Stevens, Jennifer Vogts and Marilyn Wilder, Newton Area Women of the Year. Perhaps Ella Welsh could be identified as Harvey County’s  historic woman of the year for her involvement in many civic groups that sought to improve the lives of people in the community. Enjoy this story of a woman who dedicated her life to her family and the community.  Unfortunately, we have not been able to find a photo of her.

Ella Welsh (Mrs. D.S. Welsh) was a community activist in Newton.  She had leadership roles in both the local WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Union) and the Harvey County Suffrage Association of 1912, the year Kansas women finally received the right to vote in state elections.  Ella and her husband David were loyal and active members of the First Methodist Church at 7th and Main in Newton.  Through her church affiliation she met with the Woman’s Home Missionary Society, taking a leadership role in that group. Other groups with which she was associated were Women’s Relief Corps (auxiliary to the Civil War Veterans organization, Grand Army of the Republic) and the Themian Club.  She seemed to juggle all of these responsibilities successfully, as well as, being a wife, mother and housewife.

Ella’s parents were Robert McCray, a minister, and Jerusha Maxson, a doctor.  McCray and Maxon met at Alfred University, in the village of Alfred, Allegany County, New York.  The university was founded in 1836 by Seventh Day Baptists as a non-sectarian institution.  The school was co-educational, racially integrated and enrolled its first African-American student and two Native American students in the 1850s. Alfred University is an active institution today.

Jerusha and Robert married in 1822. As a minister, Robert moved to Morrison County, Minnesota where Ella was born in 1854 or 1855. She spent her infancy “…in the missionary cabin on the banks of the Mississippi river—where her father ministered Christ to the Indians.”  The children’s birthplaces show Robert was on the move—one son in New York, one son in Wisconsin, a son and daughter in Minnesota and a daughter in Illinois.   Ella sacrificed her own education for her three brothers. The 1870 census shows a 14 year-old Ella was not enrolled in school.

At Ella’s funeral in 1934, it was recalled she and her little brother gathered bits of the wreckage along the shores of Lake Michigan from the Lady Elgin. Occurring on September 8, 1860, the accident was later labelled “the Titanic of Lake Michigan.”  The collision between the Lady Elgin, a sidewheel steamer and the Augusta, a small schooner occurred in a stormy sea at nighttime.  The sidewheel steamer was headed to Milwaukee from Chicago with 385 men, women and children on board.  At the time of the collision they were nine miles from Winnetka, Illinois.  Ninety-eight people survived the disaster.

Ella married David S. Welsh in Elmyra, New York in 1874.  She was nineteen.  They probably knew each other from the Elmyra Methodist church.  Her father had died in 1869, so was not present at the wedding.

David was born in Montrose, Pennsylvania in 1854.  His family moved to Elmyra when he was 9.  By 11, he had joined the Methodist Episcopal Church.  While in New York, David and Ella had four children, three (Bart, Frank and John) survived.  To improve his business opportunities David decided to move west to Colorado and Wyoming. Disappointed with the business prospects in that area, he then journeyed to Newton along the Santa Fe Trail. Arriving in 1882, David along with partners began a livery business.

D.S. Welsh Livery, Hack & Transfer,” 121 W. 6th, Newton, Ks, 1902.

 For 36 years David was involved with the business and the religious life of Newton. He belonged to the Commercial Club, was on the City Council for four years, was a Board member of the M.E. Church and was a Sunday school teacher. His most stunning community achievement was building the YMCA on West 6th just west of the Livery and across the street from the Baptist Church. David was described as “quiet and unassuming, he reached out to reclaim the boy or man who had lost confidence in God and his fellow man.”  Ella helped with this project. David was also a staunch supporter of temperance. He was one of the founders of the Law and Order league organization formed in 1898 to “pledge a given sum each month for the prosecution of the violators of the prohibitory (temperance) law.”  His business survived the transition from horses to autos changing from a livery to a transfer and storage company.  Fire damaged or destroyed the livery several times.  David just rebuilt.

As a couple they endured the death of their infant children in Newton and saw the birth of two children—Ruth (1892) and Willard (1897).


Brief notices in the Evening Kansan Republican tell the story of children lost.

The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, Edna Estelle, died last Wednesday of whooping cough.” (24 July 1884)

“The funeral of little Eddie, son of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, took place from the parents residence on East Seventh street, Tuesday last.” (21 Feb 1889)

Georgie, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, died Saturday night of diphtheria.  She was a bright little girl and was seventeen months old…” (23 Dec 1889)

Ella’s mother, Jerusha, died in 1891 in Alfred Center, New York.  Her death notice in the Evening Kansan Republican  read:

She was known in Newton, having resided here for a time with Mr. Welsh’s family.  Mrs. McCray was an active member of the Methodist church and for a quarter of a century practiced medicine.”

How did Ella manage to juggle all her roles?  Household chores could take a lot of time out of a woman’s day. So appearing in the Evening Kansan-Republican on Nov 3, 1908 was this ad.

FOR RENT—2 furnished rooms for light housekeeping. 201 West 6th.  Mrs. D. S. Welsh.”

Evening Kansan Republican, 3 Nov. 1908.

The Welshes lived at 204 W. 1, 117 E. 7, 201 W. 6 (future home of the YMCA), 301 E. 9 and 133 ½ W. 6 (above the business). David died in 1918.  Ella was a widow for 16 years. She kept busy with all her local activities until she went to live in Glendale, California with her daughter. Her son Burt died in 1932 in a car/train wreck one-half mile west of Eureka. He was a field representative for the Methodist Children’s home (Youthville) in Newton.

 Franklin D. Roosevelt had won the 1932 election.  Part of his platform was ending Prohibition.  That happened in 1933.  It must have been a great disappointment to Ella.  She had spent almost all her adult life fighting for temperance.

 Ella died November 30, 1934 at the home of her daughter.  Her body was brought back to Newton the following week and a funeral attended by many took place.  She was buried beside David.  A helpmate to her husband, respected by her children, active in her church, leadership roles in local temperance and suffrage associations; Ella Welsh served the Newton community in many capacities—a life well-lived.


  • Ancestry: https://www.ancestry.com/familytree/person/tree/64411885/40122330678/facts. And story Robert H. McCray, Jerusha Amarilla Maxson.
  • Ancestry: https://search.ancestry.com/collections/2207/records/152218. U.S. College Student Lists, 1763-1924.
  • Ancestry: https://search.ancestry.com/collections/1666/records/1521841. U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865.
  • Ancestry:https://www.ancestry.com/familytree/person/tree/12059267/person/2001702947/facts Ella Rose McCray.
  • Ancestry:https://www.ancestry.com/familytree/person/tree/12059267/person/2002271153/facts. David S. Welsh.
  • Ancestry:” U.S., Find A Grave Index 1600s-Current. Ella Rose Welsh. Greenwood Cemetery. Newton, Kansas.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1860; Evanston, Cook, Illinois; Roll: M653_169; Page: 21
  • Family History Library film: 803169.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1900; Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Page: 4.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1910; Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Roll T624_441; Page 7B.  Family History Library microfilm: 1374454.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1920: Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Roll: T625_534; Page:10A
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1930: Glendale, Los Angeles, California; Roll: 127; Page: 27B FHL microfilm: 2339862
  • Ancestry: Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925. Roll: KS1905_63; Line: 30; KS1885_55; Line 2 Kansas Historical Society.
  • Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_University.  Alfred University, Village of Alfred, Allegany County in Western New York.
  • Find A Grave: Jerusha M. Maxson McCray.  Alfred Rural Cemetery-Alfred, Allegany County, New York. Memorial ID 115808907. Photo added by Jon Saunders.
  • “Doomed by the Lake: The Lady Elgin and The Augustahttp://www.lakeeffectliving.com/Oct 11/Shipwrecks-Lady Elgin-August.html.
  • Newspapers.com: Kansas Historical Society.
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Feb 24, 1920 p. 5
    • Evening Kansan-Republican.  Nov 3, 1908 p. 7
    • Evening Kansan-Republican.  Feb 19, 1918 p. 1
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Aug 26, 1896 p. 5
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Dec 23, 1889 p. 3
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Mar 10, 1888 p. 11
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Feb 25, 1891 p. 4
  • Evening Kansan-Republican. Nov 30, 1934. HCHM Microfilm
  • Evening Kansan-Republican. Dec 9, 1932. HCHM Microfilm
  • Newton Kansan. July 24, 1884 HCHM Microfilm
  • Newton Kansan. Feb 21, 1889 HCHM Microfilm
  • Western Journal of Commerce. ca. 1902 Souvenir Edition. Newton, Kansas HCHM Library
  • Newton City Directories: 1885, 1887, 1902, 1905-06, 1907-08, 1909-10, 1911-12, 1913-14, 1915-16,
  • 1917-18, 1919-20, 1921, 1923-24.

Where did the base for the Chisholm Trail Markers Come From?

This week we celebrated the placement of a new historical marker in Harvey County. One of the first markers to be placed featured the Chisholm Trail.

Ribbon Cutting, April 11, 2018. Photo courtesy John Whitlock.

In the late 1960s, there was an effort to mark the route of the historic Chisholm Trail from Texas to Abilene, Ks.  Two local men, Art Frey and Menno Schmidt, dedicated themselves to this project. In Harvey County, there are two Chisholm Trail Markers, one near the Rec Center at W 4th & Plum in Newton and the other along K-15 near the Harvey/Marion County line.

The  Chisholm Trail marker along K-15.

Chisholm Trail Marker along K-15 at the Marion/Harvey County line shortly after installation, 1970.

Entrance of the Harvey County Courthouse 1906-1966.

Front entrance 1906 Harvey County Courthouse.

Blueprint for courthouse entrance. Original at the Harvey County Historical Museum & Archives, Newton, Ks.

Detail for pillar.


Demolition of the Harvey County Courthouse 1966 and preserving the pillars.

For a short clip of the installation of the Chisholm Trail Marker on K-15 follow this link:  https://youtu.be/GhNH9CCDDfc

Home Away From Home: The Way Car

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

For years, the distinctive red train car that almost looked like a house on tracks signaled the end of the train. Today, the caboose is a a memory and the end of a train is marked with a blinking light on the last car.

Santa Fe Caboose, 999591, August 1987.

The Waycar, commonly called the caboose, signaled the end of the train for years. The waycar served a very particular purpose and was used almost exclusively on trains in the U.S.

First used in the 1830s to house trainmen, the caboose was was the “home away from home” for conductors. The earliest way cars were little more than “shanties built onto boxcars.”

Way Car #1951, old style, 1937.

Inside Waycar No 1951 — 1937.

Conductors were assigned a car and many added touches from home including curtains and family photographs.

Interior Way Car #1951, cupola end.

Items included in the above photo: pantry, 50 gallon water barrel, restroom, broom and coat closet.

Photo below shows the ‘bunk end,’ or living and sleeping area.  Water tanks with washing and drinking water, the conductors desk and four bunks a table with seats made of wooden boxes that held additional supplies.

Interior of Way Car #1951, Bunk End

The brakeman and flagman rode in the caboose.  When the engineer whistled that the train was to slow down or stop, one brakeman worked his way toward the front of the train  twisting the brakewheels located on the top of the freight car.  Another brakeman  worked  his way from engine to the back. When the train stopped, the flagman would exit the caboose and place lanterns, flags and other warning devices a safe distance from the train to warn and stop any other approaching trains. As technology improved these jobs changed.  For example in the 1880s, air brakes meant that the brakeman did not need to manually turn the brakewheels.

AT&SF Engine 1012, ca. 1905. Brakeman – A.F. McDowell & E.C. Humphfres; Engineer – H.B. Mell; Conductor- E.G. Pusey; Fireman – R.D. Beach

The Cupola

The cupola served as a lookout for the the trainmen. First used in 1863,  a conductor discovered that he had a better view of the entire train if he sat on boxes and peered through a hole in the roof. This idea led to the improved design for observation of the train.  A conductor was able to sit up in the cupola for a panoramic view.

Waycar #999095 — ca. 1960s

Everything necessary for day to day living of the crew was stored in the caboose.

Way Car 999095, Hurley Collection.

Interior of Way Car #999095, conductor’s desk.

Water Storage Tank.

Waycar #999752 Interior

Way Car Interior, #999752, refrigerator.

Way Car #999752 interior, wash basin in wash room.

Way car interior, Conductor’s Desk

Technology and the Caboose

Eventually, due to  improved technology and a desire for safer work conditions, the way car or caboose became obsolete. As trains became longer and rail cars became higher, it was no longer practical for the conductor to see the entire train from the vantage of the cupola. Improved detectors or “hotboxes” meant that equipment could be checked with more efficiency and reliability by the conductor. With the introduction of computers, the need for a place to store paper and records was eliminated.

Today, the end of the train is monitored using a remote radio, or “End Of Train” (EOT) that fits over the rear coupler and a caboose at the end of a train is rare.



  • Hurley, L.M. ‘Mike.’ Newton, Kansas: A Railroad Town – History, Facilities & Operations, 1871-1971. N. Newton, Ks: Mennonite Press, 1985.