Carried in Battle: Bessmer’s Briefcase

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

Many of the men that settled in Harvey County in the 1870s-1880s were Civil War veterans. Most were former Union soldiers, although a few, like R.M. Spivey, had fought for the South.

Unknown, 1861-1865.

At the close of the War, soldiers from both sides returned to everyday life.  For some, this meant establishing homesteads in the west.

John George Bessmer was born in Germany in March 1841.  He came to the United States at the age of 12 and settled in New York.

Bessmer was 20 years old in September 1861 when he joined Co H, 56th New York Infantry of the Union Army. For the next four years, he fought under the command of General McClellan and later Gilmore.  Bessmer was involved in several battles, including “the battle of Fair Oaks and the Seven Days’ battles.”  He “took part in the capture of forts Wagner and Gregg and the bombardment of Fort Sumpter. . . and several minor engagements in South Carolina.”

He carried this briefcase with him throughout his time with the Union Army.

Briefcase belonged to J. George Bessmer, carried during the Civil War, 1861-1865.

Bessmer’s Briefcase.

J. George Bessemer, Co H 56th New York Infantry, 1861-1865.

Following the Civil War, Bessmer returned to New York.  He married  Rosina Kautz, also from New York, on December 5, 1867.  The couple had seven children; 2 sons and five daughters.  In March 1882, the family came to Harvey County, Kansas, settling on a farmstead in Emma Township, near Hesston,  previously owned by his brother Michael Bessmer.

The Bessmer family moved to Newton in 1908. George Bessmer passed away at his Newton home, 1211 N. Main, in the early morning hours on May 22, 1915.

His obituary noted that “he did not belong to any fraternal orders except Judson Kilpatrick Post No. 36, always preferring the quiet and duties of home above all else.”


  • Newton Daily Republican: 22 July 1888, 2 January 1889, 19 December 1893.
  • Evening Kansan Republican: 22 January 1906, 4 September 1907, 10 February 1908, 24 August 1909, 11 September 1909, 27 April 1911, 22 May 1915, 25 May 1915, 14 July 1915, 13 January 1921, 13 May 1921, 9 June 1922

Henry Brunner Was Among Them

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

Sometimes a name just keeps popping up in research.  Maybe never exactly part of the action, but an observer or commentator.  Henry Brunner seems to have been such a man.

In his later years,  Brunner periodically wrote letters to the Evening Kansas Republican describing the early years of Newton or correcting the  possible mistakes of others.

“I have read in your paper, which I have been taking since the Kansan’s first issue, about the very few now remaining of the 1871 residents in Newton. . . . I know from my diary that May 19, 1871 there arrived on the townsite of Newton Captain Dave Payne, who boarded with me at the Santa Fe House during the winter of 1871-72.”


Henry Brunner, 1904. Republican National Convention of 1904.

Henry Brunner, 1904. Republican National Convention of 1904.

Heinrich ‘Henry’ Brunner was born in Germany 27 January 1842.  He immigrated to the U.S. in approximately 1855 with his parents.   Brunner enlisted on 24 April 1861 and served with the Union Army, Company M, 1st West Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War. He mustered out 5 November  1861. During this time, he married Mary U. Leppart and settled in Cincinnati, Ohio.

In 1871, Brunner arrived in Harvey County, initially settling on a homestead on Section 24, Emma Township.  He left his family behind until he could earn sufficient funds to bring them to Kansas.  His family had joined him by July 1872 when his son, Henry L. Brunner was born in Newton.  He was reportedly the “first baby boy born on the town site.” In 1875, Brunner opened a small grocery, called the “Blue Front,” and the venture met with “greater success . . . than he had anticipated.” Ill health forced him to retire from the business in 1881.  At some point in the 1880s, he built a popular skating rink on “West Sixth street opposite the Presbyterian church” which was torn down in 1895.

By 1888, Brunner was again in business, this time opening a  hardware store at 708 Main, Newton, Ks. The December 31, 1887 issue of the Evening Kansan noted that

“Here is another instance of fortune’s favor.  Mr. Brunner came here as poor as Job’s turkey, without friends, and without any earthly assistance except his own hands and his strong will power.  He labored earnestly and zealously . . . Mr’ B’s Newton possessions to-day are alone worth thousands of dollars . . . He is an honest, reliable and trustworthy business man, in whom the confidence of the public is placed.”

Poor health continued to plague Brunner. In 1895, at the age of 53, he moved to Fitzgerald, Georgia.   Fitzgerald, Georgia was sometimes referred to as “the Colony,” and it was the dream of Philander H. Fitzgerald. He wanted to create a colony for Union veterans and families in the South where they could “spend remaining days in a milder climate.”  Brunner apparently thrived in the Colony where he was “an influential businessman” running a successful restaurant.

In March 1903, Mary U. Brunner filed for divorce in Harvey County.  She died in 1910 and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Harvey County. The couple had four sons. At some point, Brunner married for a second time.  Her name was Harriet Alice Cole Goodman Brunner.

It was during his time in Fitzgerald that he frequently sent letters to the Newton paper commenting on events that he remembered. On 11 August 1909 he offered correction on the location of two wells.

“Dear Sir:  While reading from this distance in the Weekly Kansan-Republican of the two public wells now obscure on Main street . . . found several errors, but was watching for the errors to be corrected . . . seeing none I deem it but a privileged to step up and speak out, since I was at that time a part of the early pioneers and on the spot to observe.

The first well dug at the intersection of Sixth and Main.  It was dug by Joe Rynearson and Henry Andrews.  Everybody knew Laughing Joe and Silent Andrews.  But the first water on the old town site was a weak spring in the northeast corner of Military park . . .it was tiled off and covered up later. . . The well on Fifth and Main was finally started and dug by ‘Oklahoma Payne.'”   Evening Kansan Republican, 17 September 1909, p. 3.

Last surviving Union veterans in Fitzgerald, GA, 1923. Henry Brunner, John Butcher, J.N. Howder, Ron McGregor. Photo courtesy Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia Collection.

Last surviving Union veterans in Fitzgerald, GA, 1932. Henry Brunner, John Butcher, J.N. Howder, Ron McGregor. Photo courtesy Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia Collection.

Brunner was compelled to set the record straight again in 1915.

“Henry Brunner writes the Kansan from Fitzgerald, Ga., that he is entitled to be in the list of old settlers published by the Kansan.  . .. [he] can tell much of the early day history of Newton.  He stated that Capt Payne used to board with him when he ran the ‘Santa Fe House’ He saw the first marshal of Newton killed by a man by the name of Bailey . . .”

Evening Kansan Republican, 9 February 1915

Evening Kansan Republican, 9 February 1915

He shared  reminiscences about the first school.

Evening Kansan Republican, 3 June 1919

Evening Kansan Republican, 3 June 1919

Brunner was the last surviving Union veteran in the Fitzgerald Colony when he died at the age of 98 October 30, 1940.

Last Salute: William J. Bush and Henry Brunner at Evergreen Cemetery Fitzgerald, 1937. Photo courtesy Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia Collection.

Last Salute: William J. Bush and Henry Brunner at Evergreen Cemetery Fitzgerald, 1937. Photo courtesy Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia Collection.


Henry Brunner Grave Evergreen Cemetery, Fitzgerald, Ben Hill County Georgia.

His obituary in the Evening Kansan Republican  noted that Brunner reportedly purchased the very first copy of the first Kansan printed in August 1872. He also had the “distinction of being a life subscriber to the weekly newspaper published by the Kansan Printing company.”

Thanks to Billi Jo Wilson, former  Historic Preservation Planner, Newton/North Newton Preservation, for sharing the tidbits that she ran across related to Brunner in her research.


  • Newton Daily Republican:  22 June 1888, 7 December 1889, 3 February 1890,  31 July 1895, 2 October 1895.
  • Newton Evening Republican: 31 December 1887, p. 6.
  • Evening Kansan Republican: 26 June 1900, 24 December 1900,  18 October 1902, 13 May 1903, 17 August 1907, 17 September 1909, 9 January 1913, 2 October 1914, 9 February 1915, 3 June 1919, 1 April 1921, 2 November 1940.
  • Newton Kansan: 2 December 1967 (Henry L. Brunner)
  • Harvey County Early Settlers: Settlers Cards in Metal File Box, HCHM Archives.
  • Divorce Index: Brunner , Mary U. vs Henry.  Case #6049, 31 March 1903, Vol. Y, p. 312.
  • U.S. Census: 1880
  • “Henry Brunner” Find A Grave #71584572 & 18515473
  • Seegmueller, Tom.  “A Surprising Past” Southwest Georgia Living, May/June 2013.