Kellas School: 145 Years and Counting

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

Today, the Kellas School on the HCHM campus is enjoyed by all ages.  From 3th graders learning about life in the past to older folks reminiscing, the small wood structure continues to serve Harvey County.

A Sunday School Class reminisces.

Beginnings . . .

Located 1 mile east and 1 mile south of Spencer Road, the one-room school, District 35, organized April 12, 1873.  The organizational meeting was held at the home of Henry Kellas across from the proposed school location. The first school board consisted of J.C. Brooks, director; H.A. Ensign, clerk; and Kellas, who served as district treasurer for 32 years.

By October 1873, a new building was ready for students.  The wood structure was 16 by 22 feet, and the cost, including the stove, pipe and desks, totaled $415.00.

In 1899, 56 students were enrolled at Kellas School, District 35.

Kellas School group, 1902.

Kellas School Group, pre-1905. Lottie Hart, teacher.

A New Kellas School & Move #1 for old Kellas.

In 1905, the Kellas school board decided to sell the wooden structure to make room for a  new brick school.

Kellas School, 1961.

New Kellas School built in 1905. These photos were taken in 2014.

The old building sold to Bethel Deaconess Hospital & Home, Newton, Ks for $57.50  and moved to the hospital campus on Pine Street.  While at Bethel Deaconess Hospital, the old school building was used as a space to  process chickens and storage.

Discovery . . . 

In 1980, the 5th grade class at Suncrest School taught by Helen Beckham studied one-room schools.  As a result of the research, Beckham discovered that the original wood frame structure of an early one-room school still existed.  Excited students and teacher began a campaign to preserve and restore the Kellas One-Room School. They gained the assistance of the Board and staff at the Harvey County Historical Museum & Archives. Bethel Deaconess Hospital agreed to give the building to the Museum. The City of Newton approved placing the structure on the Museum grounds.  The big move was scheduled for July 31, 1981.

Moving Day #2 

July 31, 1981

Bartel Moving Company, Hillsboro, Ks provided the moving services.

Pulling Away from Bethel Deaconess Hospital & Home

Down the Street


Easing Into A New Home.

The restoration of Kellas would not have been possible without the efforts of many volunteers including  Dwight & Helen Beckham.

New Uses of a Historic Structure

Helen Beckham teaching a class.

Over the years several teachers have utilized Kellas to take students “back in time” and experience school the way it was over 100 years ago in Harvey County.

The volunteers and staff at HCHM always look forward to hearing the sounds of children coming from the old structure.

In addition to school groups, Kellas is used by other groups for programs or meetings.

Over the years, upkeep has been on-going.  In April 1986, as a community service project, the Lucky 4-H Club painted the building.

Kansan, April 4, 1986.

Currently, the interior is in need of repainting. If you have an interest in this project, please contact HCHM Executive Director, Hannah Thompson for details.

Ceiling around stove pipe, 2017.


Kellas School, Harvey County Historical Museum & Archives, Newton, Ks, 2014.

Kellas, 2014.

If you have an interest in using Kellas School for a meeting or event,  call HCHM for details and rates.


  • Kellas File, HCHM Scrapbook, Curator’s Office.
    • Smurr, Mike, HCHM Board Chair, “Proposal to Relocate and Restore the Kellas School on the Grounds of the Harvey County Historical Museum.” no date.
    • “City Commission Meeting Minutes” April 1, 1981.
  • Smurr, Linda C. Ed., Harvey County History. Harvey County Historical Museum & Archives, Newton, Ks, 1990.

A Mysterious Time Capsule

by Kristine Schmucker, HCHM Curator

About a month ago,  James & Heather Barringer, Newton Bike Shop,  brought in an odd collection of items. While working on the building at W 6th, James had discovered these items between the walls.

Various businesses have called the 100 block of W 6th home over the years One of the earliest businesses was a livery stable owned and operated by D.S. Welsh as early as 1882.

City Stable operated by D.S. Welsh at 113 W 6th, Newton, Ks., ca. 1904.

Later businesses included the Evening Kansan Republican (later the Newton Kansan) and the Mennonite Weekly Review (later the Mennonite World Review).  Currently the Newton Bike Shop  and Back Alley Pizza are located in this block.  The buildings are being renovated, leading to the discovery of this unique collection.

The small tooled leather case was intriguing.

Inside, cards for playing Bridge with instructions dated 1926 and 1935.

How did this item find it’s way to the space between the interior and exterior walls of Welsh Livery building?  Was it left behind by a weary traveler?

Other items discovered included two photo albums that seem to be quite a bit older.

Album #1

Album #2

Although there was not identification, there were clues, including the photographer mark – “L. Larsson” – on the back of several of the photos in the second album. Other photographer studios included ones from Clay Center, Kansas, in both albums.



Even an obituary.

Obituary and photo


The collection forms a type of time capsule, maybe related to people traveling through Harvey County and the objects they left behind.

A Life Well Lived: Mrs. Ella (D.S.) Welsh

by Jane Jones, HCHM Archivist

Our guest blogger,  HCHM Archivist Jane Jones,  has written two previous posts related to the civic activities of Mrs. Ella (D.S.) Welsh.  In this last post in the series, she explores Welsh’s personal life. A recent ceremony named Pam Stevens, Jennifer Vogts and Marilyn Wilder, Newton Area Women of the Year. Perhaps Ella Welsh could be identified as Harvey County’s  historic woman of the year for her involvement in many civic groups that sought to improve the lives of people in the community. Enjoy this story of a woman who dedicated her life to her family and the community.  Unfortunately, we have not been able to find a photo of her.

Ella Welsh (Mrs. D.S. Welsh) was a community activist in Newton.  She had leadership roles in both the local WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Union) and the Harvey County Suffrage Association of 1912, the year Kansas women finally received the right to vote in state elections.  Ella and her husband David were loyal and active members of the First Methodist Church at 7th and Main in Newton.  Through her church affiliation she met with the Woman’s Home Missionary Society, taking a leadership role in that group. Other groups with which she was associated were Women’s Relief Corps (auxiliary to the Civil War Veterans organization, Grand Army of the Republic) and the Themian Club.  She seemed to juggle all of these responsibilities successfully, as well as, being a wife, mother and housewife.

Ella’s parents were Robert McCray, a minister, and Jerusha Maxson, a doctor.  McCray and Maxon met at Alfred University, in the village of Alfred, Allegany County, New York.  The university was founded in 1836 by Seventh Day Baptists as a non-sectarian institution.  The school was co-educational, racially integrated and enrolled its first African-American student and two Native American students in the 1850s. Alfred University is an active institution today.

Jerusha and Robert married in 1822. As a minister, Robert moved to Morrison County, Minnesota where Ella was born in 1854 or 1855. She spent her infancy “…in the missionary cabin on the banks of the Mississippi river—where her father ministered Christ to the Indians.”  The children’s birthplaces show Robert was on the move—one son in New York, one son in Wisconsin, a son and daughter in Minnesota and a daughter in Illinois.   Ella sacrificed her own education for her three brothers. The 1870 census shows a 14 year-old Ella was not enrolled in school.

At Ella’s funeral in 1934, it was recalled she and her little brother gathered bits of the wreckage along the shores of Lake Michigan from the Lady Elgin. Occurring on September 8, 1860, the accident was later labelled “the Titanic of Lake Michigan.”  The collision between the Lady Elgin, a sidewheel steamer and the Augusta, a small schooner occurred in a stormy sea at nighttime.  The sidewheel steamer was headed to Milwaukee from Chicago with 385 men, women and children on board.  At the time of the collision they were nine miles from Winnetka, Illinois.  Ninety-eight people survived the disaster.

Ella married David S. Welsh in Elmyra, New York in 1874.  She was nineteen.  They probably knew each other from the Elmyra Methodist church.  Her father had died in 1869, so was not present at the wedding.

David was born in Montrose, Pennsylvania in 1854.  His family moved to Elmyra when he was 9.  By 11, he had joined the Methodist Episcopal Church.  While in New York, David and Ella had four children, three (Bart, Frank and John) survived.  To improve his business opportunities David decided to move west to Colorado and Wyoming. Disappointed with the business prospects in that area, he then journeyed to Newton along the Santa Fe Trail. Arriving in 1882, David along with partners began a livery business.

D.S. Welsh Livery, Hack & Transfer,” 121 W. 6th, Newton, Ks, 1902.

 For 36 years David was involved with the business and the religious life of Newton. He belonged to the Commercial Club, was on the City Council for four years, was a Board member of the M.E. Church and was a Sunday school teacher. His most stunning community achievement was building the YMCA on West 6th just west of the Livery and across the street from the Baptist Church. David was described as “quiet and unassuming, he reached out to reclaim the boy or man who had lost confidence in God and his fellow man.”  Ella helped with this project. David was also a staunch supporter of temperance. He was one of the founders of the Law and Order league organization formed in 1898 to “pledge a given sum each month for the prosecution of the violators of the prohibitory (temperance) law.”  His business survived the transition from horses to autos changing from a livery to a transfer and storage company.  Fire damaged or destroyed the livery several times.  David just rebuilt.

As a couple they endured the death of their infant children in Newton and saw the birth of two children—Ruth (1892) and Willard (1897).


Brief notices in the Evening Kansan Republican tell the story of children lost.

The infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, Edna Estelle, died last Wednesday of whooping cough.” (24 July 1884)

“The funeral of little Eddie, son of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, took place from the parents residence on East Seventh street, Tuesday last.” (21 Feb 1889)

Georgie, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D.S. Welsh, died Saturday night of diphtheria.  She was a bright little girl and was seventeen months old…” (23 Dec 1889)

Ella’s mother, Jerusha, died in 1891 in Alfred Center, New York.  Her death notice in the Evening Kansan Republican  read:

She was known in Newton, having resided here for a time with Mr. Welsh’s family.  Mrs. McCray was an active member of the Methodist church and for a quarter of a century practiced medicine.”

How did Ella manage to juggle all her roles?  Household chores could take a lot of time out of a woman’s day. So appearing in the Evening Kansan-Republican on Nov 3, 1908 was this ad.

FOR RENT—2 furnished rooms for light housekeeping. 201 West 6th.  Mrs. D. S. Welsh.”

Evening Kansan Republican, 3 Nov. 1908.

The Welshes lived at 204 W. 1, 117 E. 7, 201 W. 6 (future home of the YMCA), 301 E. 9 and 133 ½ W. 6 (above the business). David died in 1918.  Ella was a widow for 16 years. She kept busy with all her local activities until she went to live in Glendale, California with her daughter. Her son Burt died in 1932 in a car/train wreck one-half mile west of Eureka. He was a field representative for the Methodist Children’s home (Youthville) in Newton.

 Franklin D. Roosevelt had won the 1932 election.  Part of his platform was ending Prohibition.  That happened in 1933.  It must have been a great disappointment to Ella.  She had spent almost all her adult life fighting for temperance.

 Ella died November 30, 1934 at the home of her daughter.  Her body was brought back to Newton the following week and a funeral attended by many took place.  She was buried beside David.  A helpmate to her husband, respected by her children, active in her church, leadership roles in local temperance and suffrage associations; Ella Welsh served the Newton community in many capacities—a life well-lived.


  • Ancestry: And story Robert H. McCray, Jerusha Amarilla Maxson.
  • Ancestry: U.S. College Student Lists, 1763-1924.
  • Ancestry: U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865.
  • Ancestry: Ella Rose McCray.
  • Ancestry: David S. Welsh.
  • Ancestry:” U.S., Find A Grave Index 1600s-Current. Ella Rose Welsh. Greenwood Cemetery. Newton, Kansas.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1860; Evanston, Cook, Illinois; Roll: M653_169; Page: 21
  • Family History Library film: 803169.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1900; Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Page: 4.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1910; Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Roll T624_441; Page 7B.  Family History Library microfilm: 1374454.
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1920: Newton Ward 4, Harvey, Kansas; Roll: T625_534; Page:10A
  • Ancestry: United States Federal Census 1930: Glendale, Los Angeles, California; Roll: 127; Page: 27B FHL microfilm: 2339862
  • Ancestry: Kansas State Census Collection, 1855-1925. Roll: KS1905_63; Line: 30; KS1885_55; Line 2 Kansas Historical Society.
  • Wikipedia.  Alfred University, Village of Alfred, Allegany County in Western New York.
  • Find A Grave: Jerusha M. Maxson McCray.  Alfred Rural Cemetery-Alfred, Allegany County, New York. Memorial ID 115808907. Photo added by Jon Saunders.
  • “Doomed by the Lake: The Lady Elgin and The Augusta 11/Shipwrecks-Lady Elgin-August.html.
  • Kansas Historical Society.
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Feb 24, 1920 p. 5
    • Evening Kansan-Republican.  Nov 3, 1908 p. 7
    • Evening Kansan-Republican.  Feb 19, 1918 p. 1
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Aug 26, 1896 p. 5
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Dec 23, 1889 p. 3
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Mar 10, 1888 p. 11
    • Evening Kansan-Republican. Feb 25, 1891 p. 4
  • Evening Kansan-Republican. Nov 30, 1934. HCHM Microfilm
  • Evening Kansan-Republican. Dec 9, 1932. HCHM Microfilm
  • Newton Kansan. July 24, 1884 HCHM Microfilm
  • Newton Kansan. Feb 21, 1889 HCHM Microfilm
  • Western Journal of Commerce. ca. 1902 Souvenir Edition. Newton, Kansas HCHM Library
  • Newton City Directories: 1885, 1887, 1902, 1905-06, 1907-08, 1909-10, 1911-12, 1913-14, 1915-16,
  • 1917-18, 1919-20, 1921, 1923-24.